Christ Chapel

 

         The Gospel of John

 

            Class 18: “Lazarus Hears His Shepherd’s Voice”

         John 10:1-11:57

            February 19, 2017

“Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for though art with me, your rod and your staff they comfort me.”  

(Psalm 23:4)

 

“No sin, corruption, devils in hell or sinners on earth can stay the hand of God’s grace when it intends to save a man.   The power that raised Jesus from the dead was indeed glorious.” 

(C.S. Spurgeon)

 

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • The invitational “I am” sayings of the Gospel of John: bread, water, light
  • How do we as Christians deal with doubt...or...Why am I a Christian?
  • The increasing isolation of Jesus: from Pharisees, Jews, friends, family 
  • The Divine Covenant
  • The Truth that Sets Free: Abiding in his Word 

 

  1. JOHN 10:1-4; 

 

Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door but climbs in by another way, that man is a thief and a robber.  But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.  To him the gatekeeper opens.  The sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. When he has brought out all his own, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.

 

John 11:1-44

Now a certain man was ill, Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha.  It was Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was ill.  So the sisters sent to him, saying, “Lord, he whom you love is ill.”  But when Jesus heard it he said, “This illness does not lead to death. It is for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified through it.”

  Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.  So, when he heard that Lazarus was ill, he stayed two days longer in the place where he was.  Then after this he said to the disciples, “Let us go to Judea again.” The disciples said to him, “Rabbi, the Jews were just now seeking to stone you, and are you going there again?” Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.” After saying these things, he said to them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I go to awaken him.” The disciples said to him, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.” Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought that he meant taking rest in sleep. Then Jesus told them plainly, “Lazarus has died, and for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that you may believe. But let us go to him.” So Thomas, called the Twin, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with him.”

Now when Jesus came, he found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb four days. Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles off, and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to console them concerning their brother. So when Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went and met him, but Mary remained seated in the house. Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. But even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.” Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.” Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.” Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, and everyone who lives and believes in me shall never die. Do you believe this?” She said to him, “Yes, Lord; I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who is coming into the world.”

When she had said this, she went and called her sister Mary, saying in private, “The Teacher is here and is calling for you.” And when she heard it, she rose quickly and went to him. Now Jesus had not yet come into the village, but was still in the place where Martha had met him. When the Jews who were with her in the house, consoling her, saw Mary rise quickly and go out, they followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep there. Now when Mary came to where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet, saying to him, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.” When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come with her also weeping, he was deeply moved[e] in his spirit and greatly troubled. And he said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to him, “Lord, come and see.” Jesus wept. So the Jews said, “See how he loved him!” But some of them said, “Could not he who opened the eyes of the blind man also have kept this man from dying?”

Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb.  It was a cave, and a stone lay against it. Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of the dead man, said to him, “Lord, by this time there will be an odor, for he has been dead four days.” Jesus said to her, “Did I not tell you that if you believed you would see the glory of God?” So they took away the stone. And Jesus lifted up his eyes and said, “Father, I thank you that you have heard me. I knew that you always hear me, but I said this on account of the people standing around, that they may believe that you sent me.” When he had said these things, he cried out with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out.” The man who had died came out, his hands and feet bound with linen strips, and his face wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Unbind him, and let him go.”

  1. LAZARUS HEARS HIS SHEPHERD’S VOICE

 

          1. The Shepherd, the Door and the Sheep

 

            • Loaded with theology
            • He uses the picture of a sheepfold, sheep and a shepherd to convey who he is and why he is with them.   See 10:27-30
            • Two analogies: Jesus as the shepherd

Jesus as the door  

 

                • The shepherd enters by the door...opened by the gatekeeper, the Father:

 

All that the Father gives me will come to me, and the one who comes to me I will never turn away.  For I have come down from heaven, not to do me own will, but to do the will of Him who sent m And this is the will of Him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all those He has given me, but raise them up at the last day.” (John 6:37-39) 

 

  • Compared to the Pharisees who are not from the Father, are thieves and robbers, come in through “another way”, to kill steal and kill, do not know the sheep, they do not recognize his voice and they do not listen to them.

 

  • The Good Shepherd: gives life for his sheep, the sheep know his voice.

 

    • The Father and I lay down my life for the sheep.” (v.15)
    • No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord...”(v.18)
    • There are sheep in another fold who Jesus will bring in (v.16)
    • So that there will be one flock, one shepherd

 

  • “...I am the door of the sheep.”

I am the way, the truth and the life.   No man comes unto the Father but by me.”  (John 14: 6)

  • “...but they did not understand what he was saying to them...” (10:6)

 

  • Recurring messages of Jesus:
    • There is no light, life except in him
    • The Divine Covenant with the Father: This is the Father’s will and mine that I give my life for those he has given me.
    • There are many wolves and robbers – but he will lose none of whom the Father has given him

 

          1. The Death of Lazarus

 

            • A live example of his care for his sheep
            • Lazarus critically ill in Bethany:
              • Jesus is near Bethabara (Bethany beyond the Jordan) 
              • Bethabara to Bethany is about 22 miles
            • Martha and Mary send for Jesus
            • Jesus and his disciples are family friends of Lazarus and his sisters (See Luke 10:38-42)

 

          1. Jesus’ Response

 

            • “Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus”
            • “So...he stayed two days longer in the place where he was...”
              • Why could not he have healed him as he did the Official’s son?  

(See John 4:46-54)

 

          1. Responses of others:

 

            • The disciples: Misunderstanding, confusion
            • Martha:
              • Action: “...when Martha heard, she went and met him...”
              • Rebuke: “...if you had been here, my brother would not have died...”
              • Resignation: “But even now I know that whatever you ask...”
              • Misunderstanding: “Lord, by this time there will be an odor...”
            • Mary
              • Waited...weeping
              • Same words...different demeanor...’she fell at his feet...”
              • Jesus wept...  Why?
              • The example of Mary: The only one who understood (See John 12)
            • The Jews: Misunderstanding: “...see how he loved him...” 
            • Lazarus: Obedience “...the man who had died came out...”

 

          1. What are the scriptures teaching us:

 

            • The sheep, you and the Divine Covenant

 

            • The love of God for his people:
              • His love toward Mary and Martha – Not chastisement; not punishment; not rebuke
              • The purposes of God are eternal”   “So....he waited two days longer...”

 

            • The real source of worship and praise:
              • The glory of his sovereignty and power over life and death

“Long my imprisoned spirit lay, fast bound in sin and natures night. Thine eye diffused a quickening ray; I woke, the dungeon flamed with light...”

            • The importance of doctrine during trials and temptation
              • Do you believe this?
              • Believing the miracles vs. believing the person
              • “Sanctifying to us our deepest distress”
              • Thanking him for trails and hardships

 

            • His irresistible call to his sheep: 

I heard and my inward parts trembled,
         At the sound my lips quivered.
         Decay enters my bones,
         And in my place I tremble.
         Yet, I will wait quietly for the day of trouble,
         To come upon the people who invade us. 

 

Though the fig tree should not blossom
And there be no fruit on the vines,
Though the yield of the olive should fail
And the fields produce no food,
Though the flock should be cut off from the fold
And there be no cattle in the stalls,

Yet I will exult in the LORD,
I will rejoice in the God of my salvation. 

 

The Lord GOD is my strength,
And He has made my feet like hinds’ feet,
And makes me walk on my high places.
(Hab. 3:16-19)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:  “Mary Sees the End” (John 12:1-36) 

 

        Christ Chapel

 

         The Gospel of John

 

            Class 17: “Eyes That Can See”

         John 9:1-41

            February 12, 2017

Then Elisha prayed and said, ‘O LORD, please open his eyes that he may see.’  So the LORD opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw, and behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha.”  

(II Kings 6:17)

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • The invitational “I am” sayings of the Gospel of John: bread, water, light
  • How do we as Christians deal with doubt...or...Why am I a Christian?
  • The increasing isolation of Jesus: from Pharisees, Jews, friends, family 
  • The Divine Covenant
  • The Truth that Sets Free: Abiding in his Word (John 8:31-47)

 

    • “So Jesus said to the Jews who had believed in him...” A difficult passage – Not what we would expect...especially toward those in the crowd who were favorable toward him\

 

      • “This passage shows how superficial this “belief” was, as it records the way in which our Lord dealt with the Jews who believed in him.”  (G. Campbell Morgan)

 

      • Not an immediate, emotional reaction that Jesus is seeking:

 

If...” – not all who believe will abide

“...you abide...” – remain, dwell, stay, persist, persevere

As Jesus asked the twelve, “Do you want to go away as well?”  (6:67) 

“...in my word...” – I am the bread, light, water, door, truth, life, vine

...you are truly my disciples...” – a disciple is one who abides with him

 

  • “...and you will know the truth...” – “You don’t really know it yet...but if you abide in my word you will see it!”

 

  • ...and the truth will set you free.” – “You can’t see it, but you are in bondage now.”

 

  • Israel in bondage:    
    • A ‘stiff-necked” people: Never “bent the knee”; Retained physical heritage 
    • “The slave does not remain in the house forever... (8:35) (reference to Ishmael and Isaac)
    • And do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘We are children of Abraham’.  God is able from these stones to raise up children of Abraham.” (Matt. 3:9)
    • “They are not all Israel who are of Israel; neither because they are Abraham’s seed are they all children of Abraham.” (Rom. 8:6-8)
    • “Through Isaac shall your seed be called.” 
    • Same attitude toward Christ

 

  1. JOHN 9:1-41

As he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth. And his disciples asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?” Jesus answered, “It was not that this man sinned, or his parents, but that the works of God might be displayed in him. We must work the works of him who sent me while it is day; night is coming, when no one can work. As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.” Having said these things, he spit on the ground and made mud with the saliva. Then he anointed the man’s eyes with the mud and said to him, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam” (which means Sent). So he went and washed and came back seeing.

The neighbors and those who had seen him before as a beggar were saying, “Is this not the man who used to sit and beg?” Some said, “It is he.” Others said, “No, but he is like him.” He kept saying, “I am the man.” So they said to him, “Then how were your eyes opened?” He answered, “The man called Jesus made mud and anointed my eyes and said to me, ‘Go to Siloam and wash.’ So I went and washed and received my sight.” They said to him, “Where is he?” He said, “I do not know.”

They brought to the Pharisees the man who had formerly been blind. Now it was a Sabbath day when Jesus made the mud and opened his eyes. So the Pharisees again asked him how he had received his sight. And he said to them, “He put mud on my eyes, and I washed, and I see.” Some of the Pharisees said, “This man is not from God, for he does not keep the Sabbath.” But others said, “How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?” And there was a division among them. So they said again to the blind man, “What do you say about him, since he has opened your eyes?” He said, “He is a prophet.”

The Jews did not believe that he had been blind and had received his sight, until they called the parents of the man who had received his sight and asked them, “Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How then does he now see?” His parents answered, “We know that this is our son and that he was born blind. But how he now sees we do not know, nor do we know who opened his eyes. Ask him; he is of age. He will speak for himself.” (His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, for the Jews had already agreed that if anyone should confess Jesusb to be Christ, he was to be put out of the synagogue.) Therefore his parents said, “He is of age; ask him.”

So for the second time they called the man who had been blind and said to him, “Give glory to God. We know that this man is a sinner.” He answered, “Whether he is a sinner I do not know. One thing I do know, that though I was blind, now I see.” They said to him, “What did he do to you? How did he open your eyes?” He answered them, “I have told you already, and you would not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you also want to become his disciples?” And they reviled him, saying, “You are his disciple, but we are disciples of Moses. We know that God has spoken to Moses, but as for this man, we do not know where he comes from.” The man answered, “Why, this is an amazing thing! You do not know where he comes from, and yet he opened my eyes. We know that God does not listen to sinners, but if anyone is a worshiper of God and does his will, God listens to him. Never since the world began has it been heard that anyone opened the eyes of a man born blind. If this man were not from God, he could do nothing.” They answered him, “You were born in utter sin, and would you teach us?” And they cast him out.

Jesus heard that they had cast him out, and having found him he said, “Do you believe in the Son of Man?” He answered, “And who is he, sir, that I may believe in him?” Jesus said to him, “You have seen him, and it is he who is speaking to you.” He said, “Lord, I believe,” and he worshiped him. Jesus said, “For judgment I came into this world, that those who do not see may see, and those who see may become blind.” Some of the Pharisees near him heard these things, and said to him, “Are we also blind?” Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, you would have no guilt; but now that you say, ‘We see,’ your guilt remains.

  1. EYES THAT CAN SEE

 

          1. John 9 - A living example of John 8

 

            • Not a question of who sinned: 
              • “Original” sin:  “Just as sin came into the world through one man...”  (Rom. 5:12)

 

Adam: The “Federal” Man

The physical seed: The human race; by birth

All “in Adam” sin...and die

 

Christ: The gift: All in Christ

The Spiritual seed: by rebirth (John 3:3-6) “...that which is born of the flesh is flesh...”

All “in Christ” are justified and made alive

              • Personal sin: David: “My sin is ever before me...”

The woman at the well: “Go and sin no more...”

 

              • Consequences of others sin: 

 

            • What are “...the works of God...” (v.9:3)
          1. Individual
          2. The Church: The body of Christ 

3. The Jews Response: Eyes that cannot see - will not see!

  • The neighbors
  • The parents
  • The Pharisees: Disciples of Moses: The irony

4. The Pattern of Miracles

  • Jesus present and not
  • Sign of faith and not
  • Other means and not
  • Touch or not
  • In a crowd or not
  • To people or not (weather, wine, etc.)

 

Why?

Long my imprisoned spirit lay,
Fast bound in sin and nature’s night;
Thine eye diffused a quickening ray—
I woke, the dungeon flamed with light;
My chains fell off, my heart was free,
I rose, went forth, and followed Thee.

Amazing love! How can it be,
That Thou, my God, shouldst die for me?” (Charles Wesley)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:  “Lazarus Hears the Shepherd’s Voice” (John 10:1-11:57) 

 

        Christ Chapel

 

         The Gospel of John

 

            Class 16: “...and the Truth Will Set You Free”

         John 8:31-8:59

            February 5, 2017

“I believe in Christianity as I believe that the sun has risen, not only because I see it, but because by it I see everything else.”  (C.S. Lewis)

 

        “Lord, to whom shall we go?  You have the words of eternal life.” (John 6:68)

 

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • The invitational “I am” sayings of the Gospel of John: bread, water, light
  • How do we as Christians deal with doubt...or...Why am I a Christian?

 

John 1:31,33 – “I myself did not know him”

John 2:23,24 – “But Jesus himself did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people, and needed no one to bear witness about man, for he himself knew what was in man.”

John 6:66 – “After this many of his disciples turned back and no longer walked with him.”

Matt. 11:3 – “Are you the one who is to come, or shall we look for another.”

 

The rationale for Christianity:

              • The Bible: a miraculous book
              • The logic: nothing else makes sense...explains the world as it is: sin, real love, man’s behavior. There is no other rational alternative...from atheism to universalism, Christianity stands alone as a rationale belief system 
              • Christ offers himself for all who will come...not one  
              • The person: there has been no one like Jesus Christ...ever, anywhere
              • His works: he was not just a man; His power over life and death was divine
              • The history: Christianity is routed in the fabric of historical reality
              • The results: nothing and no-one else can change a life like Jesus Christ 
              • The effects on mankind: Nothing has inspired the arts, music, literature, philanthropy, care for the needy of the world  
              • The relationship: it is a personal relationship – the Christian knows Jesus Christ and is know intimately by him 
              • The Holy Spirit: the Holy Spirit reveals consistent truths to his people; true Christianity is divinely inspired; not of one’s imagination

 

  • The increasing isolation of Jesus: from Pharisees, Jews, friends, family 
  • The Divine Covenant

 

  1. JOHN 8:31-8:59

So Jesus said to the Jews who had believed him, “If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” They answered him, “We are offspring of Abraham and have never been enslaved to anyone. How is it that you say, ‘You will become free’?”

Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, everyone who practices sin is a slave to sin. The slave does not remain in the house forever; the son remains forever. So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed. I know that you are offspring of Abraham; yet you seek to kill me because my word finds no place in you. I speak of what I have seen with my Father, and you do what you have heard from your father.”

They answered him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham's children, you would be doing the works Abraham did, but now you seek to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. This is not what Abraham did. You are doing the works your father did.” They said to him, “We were not born of sexual immorality. We have one Father—even God.” Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I came from God and I am here. I came not of my own accord, but he sent me. Why do you not understand what I say? It is because you cannot bear to hear my word. You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father's desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar and the father of lies. But because I tell the truth, you do not believe me. Which one of you convicts me of sin? If I tell the truth, why do you not believe me?  Whoever is of God hears the words of God. The reason why you do not hear them is that you are not of God.”

The Jews answered him, “Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?” Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon, but I honor my Father, and you dishonor me. Yet I do not seek my own glory; there is One who seeks it, and he is the judge. Truly, truly, I say to you, if anyone keeps my word, he will never see death.” The Jews said to him, “Now we know that you have a demon! Abraham died, as did the prophets, yet you say, ‘If anyone keeps my word, he will never taste death.’ Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died? And the prophets died! Who do you make yourself out to be?” Jesus answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, of whom you say, ‘He is our God.’  But you have not known him. I know him. If I were to say that I do not know him, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and I keep his word. Your father Abraham rejoiced that he would see my day. He saw it and was glad.” So the Jews said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?”  Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.” So they picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself and went out of the temple.

  1. THE TRUTH SHALL SET YOU FREE

 

          1. Dialogue with “...the Jews who had believed in him...” (8:31)

 

      • A difficult passage – Not what we would expect...especially toward those in the crowd who were favorable toward him
      • “This passage shows how superficial this “belief” was, as it records the way in which our Lord dealt with the Jews who believed in him.”  (G. Campbell Morgan)
      • Not an immediate, emotional reaction that Jesus is seeking:
        • If...” – not all who believe will abide
        • “...you abide...” – remain, dwell, stay, persist, persevere
          1. As Jesus asked the twelve, “Do you want to go away as well?”  (6:67) 
        • “...in my word...” – I am the bread, light, water, door, truth, life, vine
        • ...you are truly my disciples...” – a disciple is one who abides with him
  • “...and you will know the truth...” – “You don’t really know it yet...but if you abide in my word you will see it!”
  • ...and the truth will set you free.” – “You can’t see it, but you are in bondage now.”    

2. The Jews Response: Eyes that cannot see!

  • Israel’s Periods of Bondage

 

    Egypt (1750-1444 BC)

    Assyria (771-721 BC)

    Babylon (606-562 BC)

    Rome (63 BC – ?? AD)

 

  • A ‘stiff-necked” people: Their spirit had never been broken; they had never “bent the neck” to an outside oppressor; they were a rebellious people; they protected and maintained their identity as Israel
    • The Jews had the same attitude toward Christ
    • We are the seed of Abraham...”  
      • Two seeds – two covenants: physical and spiritual
    • And do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘We are children of Abraham’.  God is able from these stones to raise up children of Abraham.” (Matt. 3:9)
    • “They are not all Israel who are of Israel; neitherbecasue they are Abraham’s seed are they all children of Abraham.” (Rom. 8:6-8)
    • “Through Isaac shall your seed be called.” 

 

  • Two seeds: The physical vs. the spiritual world - Jesus speaks of a different bondage
    • Slaves to sin: The deceitfulness of sin  
      • “rulers of darkness in high places”
      • Direct assault: “You are of your father the devil, and your will is to do your father’s desires...” (8:44)
    • “The slave does not remain in the house forever... (8:35) (reference to Ishmael and Isaac)
    • The Son is always the Son 
    • The Son speaks for the Father: “If he sets you free...” 
      • “If you abide in him...” you too will be free

 

  • Children of Abraham
    • Children do what their fathers do. 
    • Deeper than biologic resemblance: 
      • Matters of the heart, hearing his voice,   
    • If they were of the same father...they would love him as a brother
    • Jesus: “I came not of my own accord...My father sent me... (8:42)

 

3. Summary

 

  • The critical importance of abiding in Jesus Christ
  • The importance of “his word”
  • Who is a Jew?  What are the characteristics?  Is there hope?   In whom?  How?

Long my imprisoned spirit lay,
Fast bound in sin and nature’s night;
Thine eye diffused a quickening ray—
I woke, the dungeon flamed with light;
My chains fell off, my heart was free,
I rose, went forth, and followed Thee.

Amazing love! How can it be,
That Thou, my God, shouldst die for me?” (Charles Wesley)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:  “Eyes That Can See” (John 9:1-41) 

 

        Christ Chapel

 

         The Gospel of John

 

            Class 15: “The Divine Covenant”

         John 7:40-8:59

            January 29, 2017

  “The God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness...’”  (Gen. 1:26)

“Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God!  How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!  ‘For who has known the mind of the Lord?’ or ‘Who has been his counselor?’  or ‘Who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?’  For from him and through him and to him are all things.  To him be glory forever.”  (Rom. 11:33-36)

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • “...and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us...”
  • Calling of the disciples – Nathanael’s case...and yours
  • Woman, what have I to do with you?” – “How are we related?”
  • Woman...you worship what you do not know...
  • The “I am’sof the Gospel of John
  • The Divine Covenant

 

  1. JOHN 7:40-8:59 (Selected passages)

“When they heard these words, some of the people said, “This really is the Prophet.” Others said, “This is the Christ.” But some said, “Is the Christ to come from Galilee? Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the offspring of David, and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David was?” So there was a division among the people over him. Some of them wanted to arrest him, but no one laid hands on him.

The officers then came to the chief priests and Pharisees, who said to them, “Why did you not bring him?” The officers answered, “No one ever spoke like this man!” The Pharisees answered them, “Have you also been deceived? Have any of the authorities or the Pharisees believed in him? But this crowd that does not know the law is accursed.” Nicodemus, who had gone to him before, and who was one of them, said to them, “Does our law judge a man without first giving him a hearing and learning what he does?”  They replied, “Are you from Galilee too? Search and see that no prophet arises from Galilee.”

Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” So the Pharisees said to him, “You are bearing witness about yourself; your testimony is not true.” Jesus answered, “Even if I do bear witness about myself, my testimony is true, for I know where I came from and where I am going, but you do not know where I come from or where I am going. You judge according to the flesh; I judge no one. Yet even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for it is not I alone who judge, but I and the Father who sent me. In your Law it is written that the testimony of two people is true. I am the one who bears witness about myself, and the Father who sent me bears witness about me.” They said to him therefore, “Where is your Father?” Jesus answered, “You know neither me nor my Father. If you knew me, you would know my Father also.” These words he spoke in the treasury, as he taught in the temple; but no one arrested him, because his hour had not yet come.

So he said to them again, “I am going away, and you will seek me, and you will die in your sin. Where I am going, you cannot come.” So the Jews said, “Will he kill himself, since he says, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come’?” He said to them, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins.” So they said to him, “Who are you?” Jesus said to them, “Just what I have been telling you from the beginning. I have much to say about you and much to judge, but he who sent me is true, and I declare to the world what I have heard from him.” They did not understand that he had been speaking to them about the Father. So Jesus said to them, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority, but speak just as the Father taught me. And he who sent me is with me. He has not left me alone, for I always do the things that are pleasing to him.” As he was saying these things, many believed in him.”

  1. PASSAGE ON THE ADULTEROUS WOMAN (John 7:53-8:11)

 

  • Not found in most ancient or major manuscripts
  • Different style and vocabulary from the surrounding text
  • Almost certainly not written by John
  • Many different versions that vary greatly 
  • Probably oral tradition...incorporated into the book centuries later
  • Verses 7:52 and 8:12 flow together well without this passage

“Therefore, it should not be considered as part of scripture and should not be used as the basis for building any point of doctrine unless confirmed [by other] scripture.” (ESV Study Bible)

The issue of the inspiration of scripture: Its use as scripture should be excluded because of the uncertainty of authorship and inspiration.

My interpretation of the passage:

  • Not directed to the woman but to the scribes and Pharisees
  • Not denying the Pharisees’ interpretation of the Torah (Lev. 20:10), but the attitude of their heart (unbelieving, self-righteous and judgmental) and purpose in confronting Jesus with this question (to trap him and condemn him)
  • Not instructive to the New Testament church with respect to biblical discipline within the church, which includes discernment of sin, action to protect the body and sincere forgiveness and reconciliation when repentance is present. (II Cor. 2;5-11)  

 

  1. THE DIVINE COVENANT

 

1. The Confusion in Jerusalem

 

        • Who is he?  From where does he come?  Is he of God or Satan?  Is he saying the truth?  Who is his father?  To where is he “going away”?   Why does he say that Abraham is not our father?   

 

        • Why such difficulty?   Why such misunderstanding?

 

2. The Divine Covenant: Its Roots Are in the Trinity

 

                  • “Let us make man in our image...” (Gen. 1:26)

 

                  • Psalm 2: “Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?  The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord, and against his anointed, saying.   Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.....   He that sits in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and terrify them in his fury, saying. ‘As for me, I have set my king on Zion, my holy hill.   I will tell of the decree: the ‘The Lord has said to me, You are my Son; today I have I begotten you.  Ask of me, and I will make the nations your heritage, and the ends of the earth your possession.  (Ps. 2:1-8) 

 

  • “The divine speech addressed to the divine Son, with David as witness....the Davidic Covenant.” (ESV Reformation Bible, note on verse 2:7)
    • The “...divine speech...by whom?   To whom?   Why?
    • What do you mean “the Davidic Covenant”?
    • This is the covenant between the Father and the Son
    • Proven to be so only through the events with Uriah and Bathsheba
    • David is the object of God’s grace, not the means of it

 

  • See Hebrews 1:8

 

                  • See Isaiah 52: Who has believed what they heard from us?  And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?  (Isa. 53:1)   See Isa. 52:10
                • Who is “us”?  
                • Who is “the arm of the Lord”?
                • Revealed to whom?
                • How?  See the rest of Isa. 53 

 

                  • Isaiah 9:2 “The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who dwelt in a land of deep darkness, on them has light shone

 

                  • Isaiah 9:6-7 “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.  Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore.  The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.

 

  • A son...given by whom?   
  • Who is he?   
  • What is “his government”?
  • Whose seat would he sit in?   Who is sitting on whose thrown?   Who chose David?   

 

3. The Covenant is Revealed and Empowered by the Holy Spirit

 

  • David: ...and the Spirit of the Lord rushed upon David from that day forward...” (I Sam. 16:13)
  • Sampson: “And the [barren] woman bore a son and called him Sampson...and the Spirit of the Lord began to stir in him.”  (Judges 13:25) 
  • Gideon: “So the Spirit of the Lord came upon Gideon; and he blew a trumpet, and the Abiezrites were called together to follow him...”
  • Mary:
  • Jesus
  • Pentecost
  • Paul: “And I was with you in weakness and in fear and much trembling,  and my speech and my message were not in plausible words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power,  so that your faith might not rest in the wisdom of men but in the power of God. But, as it is written, 

“What no eye has seen, nor ear heard,
nor the heart of man imagined,
what God has prepared for those who love him”

These things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God.  For who knows a person's thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.  Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might understand the things freely given us by God.  And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual.”  (I Cor. 2:1-13)

4. How Does the Divine Covenant Affect You?

 

  • The Plan of the Godhead: Ephesians 1
  • The importance of being “In Christ”
    • (Ex.33:33)
  • Why is this important: the origins of praise and worship (Eph.1:3)

 

“For this reason, because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love toward all the saints,  I do not cease to give thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers, that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him, having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints,  and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to the working of his great might  that he worked in Christ when he raised him from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places,  far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.  And he put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church,  which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all.

 

  • The purpose of the Divine Covenant: Continued praise and worship

 

“But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us,  even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved—  and raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.  (Eph. 2:7)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:  “The Truth That Sets You Free” (John 8:31-59) 

 

        Christ Chapel

 

         The Gospel of John

 

            Class 14: “Who Is This Man?”

         John 7:1-36

            January 22, 2017

“Jesus Christ is in the noblest and most perfect sense the realized ideal of humanity.”  (Johann Von Herder)

 

“I know men and I tell you that Jesus Christ is no mere man.  Between him and every other person in the world there is no possible term of comparison.  Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne and I have founded empires.  But on what did we rest the creations of our genius? Upon force.  Jesus Christ founded his empire upon love; and at this hour millions of men would die for him.

(Napoleon Bonaparte, from Evidence That Demands a Verdict)

 

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • “...and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us...”
  • Calling of the disciples – Nathanael’s case...and yours
  • Woman, what have I to do with you?” – “How are we related?”
  • Woman...you worship what you do not know...
  • The bread of life

 

  1. JOHN 7:1-36

After this Jesus went about in Galilee. He would not go about in Judea, because the Jews were seeking to kill him. Now the Jews' Feast of Booths was at hand. So his brothers said to him, “Leave here and go to Judea, that your disciples also may see the works you are doing.  For no one works in secret if he seeks to be known openly. If you do these things, show yourself to the world.”  For not even his brothers believed in him. Jesus said to them, “My time has not yet come, but your time is always here. The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify about it that its works are evil. You go up to the feast. I am not going up to this feast, for my time has not yet fully come.” After saying this, he remained in Galilee.

But after his brothers had gone up to the feast, then he also went up, not publicly but in private. The Jews were looking for him at the feast, and saying, “Where is he?” And there was much muttering about him among the people. While some said, “He is a good man,” others said, “No, he is leading the people astray.” Yet for fear of the Jews no one spoke openly of him.

About the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the temple and began teaching.  The Jews therefore marveled, saying, “How is it that this man has learning, when he has never studied?” So Jesus answered them, “My teaching is not mine, but his who sent me.  If anyone's will is to do God's will, he will know whether the teaching is from God or whether I am speaking on my own authority. The one who speaks on his own authority seeks his own glory; but the one who seeks the glory of him who sent him is true, and in him there is no falsehood.  Has not Moses given you the law? Yet none of you keeps the law. Why do you seek to kill me?”  The crowd answered, “You have a demon! Who is seeking to kill you?” Jesus answered them, “I did one work, and you all marvel at it. Moses gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath.  If on the Sabbath a man receives circumcision, so that the law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me because on the Sabbath I made a man's whole body well?  Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment.”

Some of the people of Jerusalem therefore said, “Is not this the man whom they seek to kill? And here he is, speaking openly, and they say nothing to him! Can it be that the authorities really know that this is the Christ? But we know where this man comes from, and when the Christ appears, no one will know where he comes from.”  So Jesus proclaimed, as he taught in the temple, “You know me, and you know where I come from. But I have not come of my own accord. He who sent me is true, and him you do not know. I know him, for I come from him, and he sent me.”  So they were seeking to arrest him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come.  Yet many of the people believed in him. They said, “When the Christ appears, will he do more signs than this man has done?”

The Pharisees heard the crowd muttering these things about him, and the chief priests and Pharisees sent officers to arrest him.  Jesus then said, “I will be with you a little longer, and then I am going to him who sent me. You will seek me and you will not find me. Where I am you cannot come.” The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we will not find him? Does he intend to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks? What does he mean by saying, ‘You will seek me and you will not find me,’ and, ‘Where I am you cannot come’?”

On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’”  Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

  1. WHO IS THIS MAN?

 

A. Controversy and Speculation Surround Jesus

 

  1. His disciples: This is a hard saying; who can understand it?” and turn back ( John6:66)
  2. The “Jews” (the “authorities - scribes and Pharisees) in Judea “...were seeking to kill him.” 
  3. His brothers: Counsel him to go to Judea; They may think that more miracles before those who left him may bring them back; but not even they believe in him
  4. The “people of Jerusalem” wonder about the secrecy of the authorities : “Do they know that this is the Christ?”
  5. Confusion about from where the Christ would come: Galilee, Bethlehem, Nazareth?
  6. Reactions to Jesus:
    • Scribes and Pharisees: Anger, fear, malevolence
    • Average Jew: Hope, confusion, uncertainty 
    • Brothers and disciples: Skeptical, unconvinced, disbelief  
    • The Apostles (except for Judas): Belief, muddled with doubt, reservations
    • The few who saw: Simeon and Anna, Mary of Bethany

 

7. Jesus response to His brothers: 

 

      • “My time has not yet come, but your time is always here.”
      • “The world...hates me because I testify about it that its works are evil.

 

Jesus and the Law: “I come not to abolish the law but to fulfill it...”

 

The world’s response to Jesus Christ:

 

8. Time as a factor in Jesus’ life:

 

    • “My time has not yet come...”  
    • References to God’s time in scripture:
      • In the fullness of time...
      • When it pleased God to separate me from my mother’s womb...
      • When the time had fully come, God sent his Son..
      • “In the Last days it shall be that...”
      • “This Jesus delivered up according to the definite plan of God...”
      • Conclusion: “History is His Story”

The Divine Covenant

The Sovereignty of God

Chance and statistics: How not plan your life

 

B. The Feast of Booths (Tabernacles)

 

          1. Jesus’ effort to convey the spiritual truths of Israel’s history
          2. The Feast of Booths (Sukkot):

“You shall dwell in booths (sukkahs) for seven days … that your generations may know that I made the people of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God” (Lev. 23:33–43)

  • Longest and most joyful of Jewish festivals
  • In Fall, in thanks for God’s provision
  • Primarily to cause reflection on God’s deliverance from bondage in Egypt and provision in the wilderness
    • Ceremonial “water drawing” from the river and lamp-lighting tradition 
    • On the last day, people filled jugs for journey home

“On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, ‘Out of his heart will flow rivers of living water.’” (v. 7:37-38)

          1. Rivers of Living Water” – The importance of the Holy Spirit

 

            • The work of the Holy Spirit
            • “I believe; help my unbelief.” (Mark 9:24)
            • Belief and rebirth: What is the difference?
              • I believe...but what do I believe?
              • “I see men as trees walking”  
              • Bread, light and living water: spiritual understanding through the work of the Spirit
              • “Come unto me all you who are weak and heavy laden...”  (Matt. 10:28)

 

C. Key Lessons from the Passage

 

1. The Gospels and their role in God’s revelation:

 

  • The Law, the Prophets, the Gospels and the Epistles: How they fit together
  • Paul and the doctrines of grace 

 

2. Doubt is not restricted to unbelievers.  How do we as Christians deal with doubt...or...Why am I a Christian?

 

The rationale for Christianity:

 

              1. The Bible: a miraculous book
              2. The logic: nothing else makes sense...explains the world as it is: sin, real love, man’s behavior...and it is for all who will come 
              3. The person: there has been no one like Jesus Christ...ever, anywhere
              4. The works: he was not just a man; His power over life and death was divine
              5. The history: Christianity is routed in the fabric of historical reality
              6. The results: nothing and no-one else can change a life like Jesus Christ 
              7. The effects on mankind: Nothing has inspired the arts, music, literature, philanthropy, care for the needy of the world  
              8. The alternatives: there is no other rational alternative...from atheism to universalism, Christianity stands alone as a rationale belief system 
              9. The relationship: it is a very personal relationship – the Christian knows his Christ and is know intimately by him; reality or relationship cannot be denied 
              10. The Holy Spirit: the Holy Spirit reveals these truths to his people

 

3. The Holy Spirit: The work of “living water” in salvation

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:  “The Living Water and The Light of the World” (John 7:37-8:30) 

 

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 12: “The Purposes of Miracles”

John 4:46-5:17

December 18, 2016

“Unbelievers will complain that the Christian message that Jesus is the only way of salvation is too restrictive and arrogant when, in reality, they should be thankful that there is, in fact, one true way of salvation.”

(Ravi Zacharias)

 

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • “...and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us...”
  • Calling of the disciples – Nathanael’s case...and yours
  • Woman, what have I to do with you?” – “How are we related?”
  • Woman...you worship what you do not know...

 

  1. JOHN 4:46-5:17

So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum.  When he heard that Jesus was come out of Judaea into Galilee, he went to him, and besought him that he would come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death.  Then said Jesus unto him, “Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe.”

The nobleman said to him, “Sir, come down before my child dies.”  Jesus said unto him, “Go thy way; thy son lives.”  And the man believed the word that Jesus had spoken unto him, and he went his way.  And as he was now going down, his servants met him, and told him, saying, “Thy son lives.” Then he enquired of them the hour when he began to get improve. And they said unto him, “Yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him.”  So the father knew that it was at the same hour, in the which Jesus said to him, “Thy son lives.”, and himself believed and his whole house.  This is again the second miracle that Jesus did, when he was come out of Judaea into Galilee.

After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.  Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches.  In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, lame, paralyzed.  And a certain man was there, which had an infirmity thirty and eight years.  When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he had been now a long time in that case, he said unto him, “Wilt thou be made whole?”  The impotent man answered him, “Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool; but while I am coming, another steps down before me.”  Jesus said unto him, “Rise, take up thy bed, and walk.”  And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked; and the same day was the sabbath.  

The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, “It is the sabbath day; it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed.”  He answered them, “He that made me whole, the same said unto me, take up thy bed, and walk.”  Then they asked him, “What man is that which said unto thee, ‘Take up thy bed, and walk?’”  And he that was healed did not who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, a multitude being in that place.  Afterward Jesus found him in the temple, and said unto him, “Behold, thou art made whole; sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee.”   The man departed and told the Jews that it was Jesus, which had made him whole.  And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day.  But Jesus answered them, “My Father works until now, and I am working.”

  1. THE PURPOSES OF MIRACLES

 

A.    The Nobleman’s Son

 

        1. Jesus comes back to Galilee:  Why Galilee?
          • The “nobleman”:  Probably a gentile military man
          • His son at the point of death
          • Travels from Capernaum to Cana: 16 miles
          • Ask Jesus to come to Capernaum to heal him

 

        1. Jesus’ response: “Unless you see signs and wonders you will not believe.”

 

        1. The Nobleman’s response: “Sir, come down before my child dies.”
          • Like Jesus mother: Yes, but I need something done...
          • Jesus’ response: You need to know who I am and why I am here.

 

B.    The Invalid

 

  1. Bethesda = “House of Mercy”

 

  1. At the sheep gate, a place for the desperately ill

 

  1. “Do you want to be healed?” 

 

        1. The Jews response: probably the scribes again

    

    II.    Summary: 

 

            God’s purposes in miracles: 

 

            1.    To convey his love...but not a mushy, sentimental love:

 

          • “Woman, what do I have to do with you?”  (John2:4)

 

          • Jesus’ heals the another’s son: “O, faithless generation....how long am I going to be with you.”  (Mark 9:19)

 

          • “Are you a teacher of Israel and you don’t know these things?” (John 3:10)

 

          • “It is not right to take the children’s bread and cast it to the dogs.” ((Matt. 15:26)
          • “But Jesus did not commit himself to them, because he knew all men and needed no one to testify to him about man, for he knew himself what was in man.” (John 2:24-25)

 

          • “From that day, many of his disciples went back and walked with him no more.” (John 6:66)

 

          • Love, “The Voice” and Jesus’ love

 

          • Sentimental love...and God’s love

 

        2.    He wants to speak to us, wants us to know him, at a deeper level:

            

          • “If you knew...who it is who is saying to you. ‘Give me a drink...’”

 

          • “To know him, the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of his suffering. (Phil. 3:10) 

 

 

    3.    The source of that relationship with him is the cross:

 

          • “My time has not yet come.”  (John 2:4)

 

          • “When Jesus had spoken these things, he lifted his eyes to heaven and said, "Father, the hour has come. Glorify your son, that your son may glorify you.  

 

            4.    Understanding our relationship with Jesus Christ comes through the work of the Holy Spirit:

 

“I see men as trees, walking...”  (Mark 8:24)

 

To the one who believes in me, it is just as the Scripture has said: ‘Streams of living water will flow from within him.’” He was speaking about the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were later to receive. For the Spirit had not yet been given, because Jesus had not yet been glorified.”  (John 7:39)

 

“For this reason I too, having heard of the faith in the Lord Jesus which exists among you and your love for all the saints, do not cease giving thanks for you, while making mention of you in my prayers; that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him. I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places...”  (Eph. 1:15-19)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      No Class Christmas Day or New Year’s Day

            

Next Class: January 8, 2017 - “Spiritual Depression” 

 

We will take a six week break from the Gospel of John to study biblical truths that lead to a spiritually healthy mind, emotions and will.  We will use “Spiritual Depression: It’s Causes and Cures” by David Martyn Lloyd-Jones as suggested outside reading.     

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 11: “Dialogue at the Well”

John 4:1-43

December 11, 2016

“Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did. But Jesus did not commit Himself to them, because He knew all men, and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man.”  (John 2:23-25)

 

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • “...and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us...”
  • Calling of the disciples – Nathanael’s case...and yours
  • Woman, what have I to do with you?” – “How are we related?”

 

  1. JOHN 4:1-30

“When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John, (though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples,) he left Judaea, and departed again into Galilee and had to go through Samaria.  Then he came to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.  Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour.  There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus said unto her, ‘Give me to drink’, for his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.  

Then said the woman of Samaria unto him, ‘How is it that thou, being a Jew, ask drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria, for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans?’  Jesus answered and said unto her, ‘If thou knew the gift of God, and who it is that said to thee, ‘Give me to drink’ thou would have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.’  The woman said unto him, ‘Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?   Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?’  Jesus answered and said unto her, ‘Whosoever drinks of this water shall thirst again; but whosoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.’  The woman said unto him, ‘Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw.’   Jesus said unto her, ‘Go, call thy husband, and come hither.’  The woman answered and said, ‘I have no husband.’  Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well said, ‘I have no husband’, For thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband; in that said thou truly.’  

The woman said unto him, ‘Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.  Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and you say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.’ Jesus said unto her, ‘Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.  Ye worship you know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship him.  God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.’  The woman said unto him, ‘I know that Messiah cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things’.   Jesus said unto her, ‘I that speak unto thee am he.’  And upon this came his disciples, and marveled that he talked with the woman: yet no man said, ‘What seek thou?’ or, ‘Why talk thou with her?’  The woman then left her water pot, and went her way into the city, and said to the men, ‘Come, see a man, who told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ?”  Then they went out of the city, and came unto him.”

  1. DIALOGUE AT THE WELL

 

  1. The setting (v.1-6): 
    • Jacob’s well – in the land given to Joseph by Jacob in Israel before the Exodus. (Gen. 48:22)
    • Continual source to Jacob’s family..Israel 
  2. The time of day: “...the sixth hour...” – Noon
  3. Jesus’ condition: “wearied” – disciples had gone to the city for food
  4. The request: “Give me a drink”: What boundaries does Jesus cross?   
    • A Jew talking to a Samaritan
    • A man talking to a woman without her husband present
    • A Rabbi talking to a woman of ill repute
  5. Woman’s response: “Aren’t you breaking some rules here?”
  6. Jesus’ response (v.10):  
    • “If you knew the gift of God...” What is that?
    • “...and who it is who talks to you...” 
    • Compare to Jesus’ words to Mary at Cana 
  7. Living water: 
    • How necessary is water?   
    • How does it work in the body?
    • What happens without water?
    • Water in scripture:
      • “...broken cisterns...” (Jer. 2:13)
      • “...form a trickle to impassable waters... (Ezek. 47:1-6)
      • “...like a tree planted by the streams of water...”  (Ps. 1)
      • “...living water shall flow out of Jerusalem...” (Zech. 14:8)
      • “...with joy you shall draw waters from the well of salvation...(Isa. 12:3)
  8. The woman’s response (v. 11,12)
    • “You have nothing with which to draw water...” 
    • “...the well is deep...”
    • “...aren’t you arrogant..!”
    • “What we already have is fine...I don’t need anything else...”
  9. Jesus speaks to the soul (v.13,14)
    • Things of this world do not satisfy, they are temporal
    • Thirsting again...bricks in Egypt and rites of purification

 

    • Living water:
      • A gift
      • From within
      • A spring...like the one in Sandwich center
      • Welling up
      • Life
      • Eternal
  1. The woman open’s her mind
    • That I will not be thirsty
    • Won’t have to work
    • Satisfying our external needs
  2. Jesus’ next response (v.16): We need to deal with something else first
    • “Call your husband...”
    • The real condition: the soul not the body
  3. The woman’s...and our...means of avoiding the issue of sin (v.17-27):
    • Change the subject: “I perceive you are a prophet...” (v.19)
    • Appear religious: “Our fathers worshiped...”
    • Appeal to religious heritage: “Our fathers worshiped on this mountain (Mt. Gerazim)...” 
    • Discuss spiritual things theoretically: “You say Jerusalem is the place where people should worship”
    • Appeal to outward conditions and issues: “...on this mountain...”
    • Discuss other people: “Our fathers...”
    • Appeal to controversy: “But you say...” 
  4. The real problems:
    • Not location, not means, 
    • Spirit and Truth

 

    Did the woman ever give Jesus a drink?

 

    II.    Summary Lessons: 

 

        1. The Lord will use us in places and in the lives of people we least expect

 

        1. Jesus uses the everyday things of life to speak to our soul of spiritual things

 

        1. Be sensitive to how we deal with sin when the Holy Spirit reveals it is our lives

 

        1. Seek the Holy Spirit and his work.   He will reveal truth, Jesus Christ and his salvation

 

                    ------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 12 – “The Purpose of Miracles” (John 4:46-5:16) 

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 10: “The Bridegroom’s Joy”

John 3:22-36

December 4, 2016

“Image is everything!”  

(Andre Agassi, former pro tennis player)

 

“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! 

For you are like whitewashed tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, 

but within are full of dead people’s bones and all uncleanness. 

(Matt. 23:27)

 

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • “...and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us...”
  • Calling of the disciples – Nathanael’s case...and yours
  • Woman, what have I to do with you?” – “How are we related?”
  • Making the sacred secular
  • Earthly things and heavenly things: Nicodemus’ dilemma
  • John’s Gospel - Personal encounters: 

 

  1. JOHN 3:22-36

“After these things Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and there He remained with them and baptized.  Now John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there. And they came and were baptized. For John had not yet been thrown into prison.

Then there arose a dispute between some of John’s disciples and the Jews about purification. And they came to John and said to him, ‘Rabbi, he who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testified—behold, He is baptizing, and all are coming to him!’

John answered and said, ‘A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven.  You yourselves bear me witness, that I said, ‘I am not the Christ,’ but, ‘I have been sent before Him. He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice. Therefore this joy of mine is fulfilled.  He must increase, but I must decrease.  He who comes from above is above all; he who is of the earth is earthly and speaks of the earth. He who comes from heaven is above all. And what He has seen and heard, that He testifies; and no one receives His testimony. He who has received His testimony has certified that God is true. For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure. The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand.  He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.’”

  1. THE BRIDEGROOM’S JOY

 

  1. Ceremonial washing, John’s baptism and Baptism of the Holy Spirit

 

    • Ceremonial washing:
      • Washing of Atonement to precede Holy linen coat, holy undergarments (Lev. 16:4, 23-24)
      • The purpose of ceremonial washing: 

    Why?   Remember!

    Remember what: Who? Where? What? How?    

     

“And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.”   (Deut. 5:15) 

 

“You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God redeemed you; therefore I command you this thing today.” (Deut. 15:15)

 

    • The problems with ceremonial washing:

 

  1. We forget:

 

 “Beware that you do not forget the Lord your God by not keeping His commandments, His judgments, and His statutes which I command you today,  lest—when you have eaten and are full, and have built beautiful houses and dwell in them;  and when your herds and your flocks multiply, and your silver and your gold are multiplied, and all that you have is multiplied;  when your heart is lifted up, and you forget the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage;  who led you through that great and terrible wilderness, in which were fiery serpents and scorpions and thirsty land where there was no water; who brought water for you out of the flinty rock;  who fed you in the wilderness with manna, which your fathers did not know, that He might humble you and that He might test you, to do you good in the end—  then you say in your heart, ‘My power and the might of my hand have gained me this wealth.’”  (Deut. 8:11-17)

 

  1. There has not been an recognition of bondage (i.e. slavery to sin)

 

What was the scene is Egypt?  What were the Israelites really experiencing?   

 

  1. We like the ceremony...the theory of repentance and cleansing!

 

        We gravitate toward the form and not the content; the reality and not the 

 

 

“Therefore the Lord said: “Inasmuch as these people draw near with their mouths And honor Me with their lips, But have removed their hearts far from Me, And their fear toward Me is taught by the commandment of men, Therefore, behold, I will again do a marvelous work Among this people, A marvelous work and a wonder; For the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, And the understanding of their prudent men shall be hidden.” (Isa. 29:12-14)

“ For the preaching of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. 19 For it is written:

“I will destroy the wisdom of the wise,
And bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.”

  1. John’s baptism

 

    • “...and they were baptized in the River Jordan, confessing their sins.” (Matt. 3:6)

 

    • Jesus in the Judean countryside...baptizing (John 3:22; 4:2)

 

    • “John was baptizing near Salim....because the water was plentiful“  (John 3:23)

 

Why is this important?  

“Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, ‘Lord, are you washing my feet?’  Jesus answered and said to him, ‘What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this.’ Peter said to Him, ‘You shall never wash my feet!’ Jesus answered him, ‘If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me.’ Simon Peter said to Him, ‘Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!’ Jesus said to him, ‘He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you.’ For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, ‘You are not all clean.’”  (John 13:6-11) 

    Dissect this dialogue:  What is Jesus saying to Peter?

 

    • The discussion over purification: “Look, he is baptizing, and all are going to him.”

 

3.    The Baptism of the Holy Spirit

 

    • “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.

 

 

    • How does it relate to John’s Baptism
      • Again, relate it back to the reason for purification
      • The “type” of the exodus:

    

            Freedom from: _______________________?

        Freedom to: _________________________?

God’s mean’s ________________________?

 

Bricks and righteousness...increasing workloads!

The Sermon on the Mount: Jots and tittles

Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.  (Rom. 3:10-20)

    Jesus’ interface with men and women: “Let the dead bury their dead...”

 

    • John’s response to the Jew...and his disciples:

 

    • “A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven.”

 

To what does John refer?       What is required “from heaven”?

 

“I am not the Christ...”        What does John mean?   

 

There is only one person who can give you what you are seeking  

 

  • The Bridegroom and the Bride:   The heavenly marriage!

 

  • Who is the bridegroom?
  • Who is the bride?
  • Who was the matchmaker?

 

“The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand.”  (John 3:36)

 

  • How does John relate to Jesus?

    

“For I say to you, among those born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist; but he who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.”  (Luke 7:28)

 

  • He must increase, but I must decrease.”   

 

“There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. This man came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him might believe. He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.”  (John 1:6-8)

 

A flashlight at noon...

 

  1. The divine perspective (John 3:31-36)

 

  • From where does Jesus come?
  • Earthly and heavenly perspectives
  • “Belief” = Faith = The sign of the work of God

 

I have manifested your name to those whom you have given me out of the world. They were yours, you gave them to me, and they have kept your word.  Now they know that all things which you have given me are from you.  For I have given to them the words which you have given me; and they have received them, and know surely that I came forth from you; and they believe that you sent me.”  (John 17-6-8)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 11 – “Dialogue at the Well” (John 4:1-45)

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 10: “Dialogue at the Well”

John 4:

November 6, 2016

That I may know him, the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship

of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;”  ( Phil. 3:10)

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • “...and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us...”
  • Calling of the disciples – Nathanael’s case...and yours
  • Woman, what have I to do with you?” – “How are we related?”

 

  1. JOHN 4:1-30

“When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John, (though Jesus himself baptized not, but his disciples,) he left Judaea, and departed again into Galilee and had to go through Samaria.  Then he came to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.  Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour.  There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus said unto her, ‘Give me to drink’, for his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.  

Then said the woman of Samaria unto him, ‘How is it that thou, being a Jew, ask drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria, for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans?’  Jesus answered and said unto her, ‘If thou knew the gift of God, and who it is that said to thee, ‘Give me to drink’ thou would have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.’  The woman said unto him, ‘Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?   Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?’  Jesus answered and said unto her, ‘Whosoever drinks of this water shall thirst again; but whosoever drinks of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.’  The woman said unto him, ‘Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw.’   Jesus said unto her, ‘Go, call thy husband, and come hither.’  The woman answered and said, ‘I have no husband.’  Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well said, ‘I have no husband’, For thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband; in that said thou truly.’  

The woman said unto him, ‘Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet.  Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.’ Jesus said unto her, ‘Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.  Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeks such to worship him.  God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.’  The woman said unto him, ‘I know that Messiah cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things’.   Jesus said unto her, ‘I that speak unto thee am he.’  And upon this came his disciples, and marveled that he talked with the woman: yet no man said, ‘What seek thou?’ or, ‘Why talk thou with her?’  The woman then left her water pot, and went her way into the city, and said to the men,  ‘Come, see a man, who told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ?”  Then they went out of the city, and came unto him.”

  1. DIALOGUE AT THE WELL

 

  1. The setting
  2.  

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 11 – “       ” 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 6: “What Are You Seeking?”

John 1:35-51

October 30, 2016

 “Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness for they shall be filled.” (Matt. 5:6)

“On Christ the solid rock I stand, all other ground is sinking sand...all other ground is sinking sand.”  

(William Bradbury, 1863)

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • “...and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us...”
  • The Salvation Process...from God’s perspective (John 1:12)

 

  • But as many as received him, to them gave he gave power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name....”  (John 1:12)
  • “...who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”

 

  • Why is this important?  Who are you worshipping? What is saving grace?

 

  1. JOHN 1:35-51

The next day again John was standing with two of his disciples, and he looked at Jesus as he walked by and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God!” The two disciples heard him say this, and they followed Jesus. Jesus turned and saw them following and said to them, “What are you seeking?” And they said to him, “Rabbi” (which means Teacher), “where are you staying?” He said to them, “Come and you will see.” So they came and saw where he was staying, and they stayed with him that day, for it was about the tenth hour.  One of the two who heard John speak and followed Jesus was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. He first found his own brother Simon and said to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which means Christ). He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon the son of John. You shall be called Cephas” (which means Peter).

The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.” Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found him of whom Moses in the Law and also the prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.” Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him and said of him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no deceit!” Nathanael said to him, “How do you know me?” Jesus answered him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.” Nathanael answered him, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!” Jesus answered him, “Because I said to you, ‘I saw you under the fig tree,’ do you believe? You will see greater things than these.” And he said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.”

 

 

  1. “WHAT ARE YOU SEEKING”

 

        1. What is happening at Bethany beyond the Jordan (Bethabara)?

 

          • Andrew and Peter (John 1:35-43)

 

          • Where did he meet them? (John 1:28)
          • How did he meet them? (John 1:35-39)
          • What did they do first? (John 1:40-42)
          • From where had they come?   
          • Why had they come?
          • When did Jesus call them to follow him? (Matt. 4:18)

 

          • Philip and Nathanael (John 1:43-51) 

 

  • Philip from Bethsaida in Galilee
  • What did Philip do?

“We have found him of whom Moses in the Law and also the Prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth” (1:44)

  • “...the son of Joseph...” (1:45)
  • “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” 
    • What is the problem with Nazareth?  See Luke 4:16-30
    • Nazareth = “the branch” (netzer) of Jerusalem Jewish orthodoxy
    • “...a prophet is not accepted in his home town...” (Luke 4:24) 
  • Describe the dialogue between Jesus and Nathanael
    • Nathanael (Bartholomew) of Cana (John 21:2)
    • “An Israelite...” 
    • “...in whom there is no guile...”

Guile = cunning, cleverness, slyness, deceit

  • How does Nathanael respond when Jesus says there is “no guile” in him?   
  • “Before Philip called you I saw you under the fig tree...”

What does this mean?

“saw” = to know, understand

  •  

“The Lord hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, even the LORD, is in the midst of thee” (Zeph. 3:15)

 

        1. How is this interaction between Jesus and his disciples important to us?
          • What happened to the lives of his 12 apostles when he called them?
          • How does he “call” his children to himself? 

 

        1. How did the call of the Lord happen in your life?

 

        1. What happens when you are “called”

 

          • A new heart
          • A new relationship
          • A new direction in life
          • A new “home”

 

But our citizenship is in heaven, and we eagerly await a Savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ...”  (Phil. 3:20)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 7 – “Obeying Your Mother” (John 2:1-12) 

 

 

Distances of Jesus’ travels:

 

From Jerusalem to:

Bethany - 2 miles
Bethlehem - 6 miles
Bethphage - 1 mile
Caesarea - 57 miles
Caesarea Philippi - 105 miles
Capernaum - 85 miles
Dead Sea - 6 miles
Emmaus - 16 miles
Jericho - 15 miles
Joppa - 35 miles
Jordan River - 21 miles
Mediterranean Sea - 37 miles
Salim - 50 miles
Samaria - 36 miles
Sea of Galilee - 70 miles 

 

From Capernaum to: 

Bethsaida - 6 miles     
Caesarea Philipi - 27 miles
Cana - 16 miles
Dalmanutha - 6 miles
Gennesaret - 3 miles
Nain - 22 miles
Nazareth - 20 miles
Tyre - 35 - miles
Sidon - 50 miles
Sychar - 55 miles 

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 5: “Baptism of the Holy Spirit”

John 1:15-34

October 23, 2016

 “Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him.”  (Eph. 1:10-11)

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • Progressive Revelation and the Divine Covenant
  • The Salvation Process...from God’s perspective (John 1:12)

 

  • But as many as received him, to them gave he gave power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name....”  (John 1:12)
  • “...who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”

 

  • Why is this important?  Who are you worshipping? What is saving grace?
  • The Law, Grace and Truth...what does John mean? (John 1:14,16) 
  • The bases of worship and evangelism: “glorifying” God’s name

 

  1. JOHN 1:6-14

“John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me is preferred before me, for He was before me.’”  And of His fullness we have all received, and grace for grace. For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.   Now this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?”  He confessed, and did not deny, but confessed, “I am not the Christ.” And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?”  He said, “I am not.”  “Are you the Prophet?”  And he answered, “No.”  Then they said to him, “Who are you, that we may give an answer to those who sent us? What do you say about yourself?”  He said: “I am ‘ the voice of one crying in the wilderness: “Make straight the way of the Lord,”’ as the prophet Isaiah said.”  

Now those who were sent were from the Pharisees. And they asked him, saying, “Why then do you baptize if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?”   John answered them, saying, “I baptize with water, but there stands One among you whom you do not know.  It is He who, coming after me, is preferred before me, whose sandal strap I am not worthy to loose.”  These things were done in Bethabara beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing.  

The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.’ I did not know Him; but that He should be revealed to Israel, therefore I came baptizing with water.”  And John bore witness, saying, “I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him. I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water said to me, ‘Upon whom you see the Spirit descending, and remaining on Him, this is He who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God.”

  1. JOHN THE BAPTIST

 

    1. John the Baptist

 

The pivot of biblical history:

 

    “The Law and the Prophets were proclaimed until John...”  (Luke 16:16)

 

    “He must increase, but I must decrease...”  (John 3:30)

 

Overshadowed by Jesus:

 

    Elisabeth and Zacharias: 

 

    “...in the spirit and power of Elijah...to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”

 

    “...to bear witness of the Light...” (John 1:7, 8)

 

            Bethabara: Only NT usage.  

 

  • “Bethany Beyond the Jordan”
  • Bethabara The “ford” or “crossing”
  • Where?  Al Maghtas – site of 
  • Joshua and the promised land
  • Elijah taken up before Elisha
  • Jesus’ baptism

 

    b.    God’s Purpose in sending John - “...a man sent from God...”  (John 1:6)

 

      • Fulfillment of the “type” of Elijah:

And when the messengers returned to him [King Ahaziah], he said to them, “Why have you come back?”  Sothey said to him, “A man came up to meet us, and said to us, ‘Go, return to the king who sent you, and say to him, “Thus says the Lord: ‘Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are sending to inquire of Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron? Therefore you shall not come down from the bed to which you have gone up, but you shall surely die.’7Then he said to them, “What kind of man was it who came up to meet you and told you these words?”  So they answered him, “A hairy man wearing a leather belt around his waist.”  And he said, “It is Elijah the Tishbite.”  

Then the king sent to him a captain of fifty with his fifty men. So he went up to him; and there he was, sitting on the top of a hill. And he spoke to him: “Man of God, the king has said, ‘Come down!’”  So Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, “If I am a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men.” And fire came down from heaven and consumed him and his fifty. (II Kings 1:5-12)

 

      • Fulfillment of prophesy:  

 

“The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.  Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:  And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.”  (Isa. 40:3-5)

Zacharias, a priest, and Elizabeth (Luke 1)

“For he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink. He will also be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb.  And he will turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God. 17 He will also go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, ‘to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,’ and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”  (Luke 1:15-17)  

      • To witness and testify to Jesus’ claims:

 

“If I testify about myself, my testimony is not valid. There is another who testifies about me, and I know that his testimony about me is valid. You have sent to John and he has testified to the truth.…”  (John 5:31-33) 

 

      • The witness of the light and the fire:

 

“The hair on his head was white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire. His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters. In his right hand he held seven stars, and coming out of his mouth was a sharp, double-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance. (Rev. 1:14-16)

 

His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself.”  (Rev. 19:12)

 

 

The two purposes of fire: John the Baptist in the Synoptic Gospels

 

 “But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he said to them: “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? Produce fruit in keeping with repentance. And do not think you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ I tell you that out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham. The ax is already at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire. I baptize you with water for repentance. But after me comes one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor, gathering his wheat into the barn and burning up the chaff with unquenchable fire. (Matt. 3:7-12)

 

 

    IV.    BAPTISM OF THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

      • What is it?
      • How does this happen?
      • What is the result?
      • What are the tests of the true work of the Holy Spirit?

    

            ------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 6 – “For What Are You Looking?” (John 1:35-51) 

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 4: “The Divine Covenant: The Incarnation”

John 1:6-14

October 16, 2016

“The easiest thing in the universe to believe is that God is there.   You must work very hard at convincing yourself that he is not there...and only the very intelligent are able to do it.”  (Ray Stedman)

 “The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light; they who dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.”  (Isa. 9:2)

And the light shineth in the darkness; and the darkness overcame it not.”  (John 1:5)

        ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • The “persons” of the Trinity and the unity of the Trinity
  • The eternity of God  
  • The Darkness and the Light

 

“And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.” (Jude 1:6)

“Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.” (Luke 23:44)

For God, who said, "Let light shine out of darkness," made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of God's glory displayed in the face of Christ.”  (II Cor. 4:6)

 

“Holy, holy, holy!  Though the darkness hide thee, 

Though the eye of sinful man Thy glory may not see.
Only Thou art holy; There is none beside thee,
Perfect in power, In love, and purity”

 

  1. JOHN 1:6-14

“There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.  He came as a witness, to bear witness about the light, that all might believe through him.  He was not the light, but came to bear witness about the light.  The true light, which gives light to everyone, was coming into the world.  He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him.  He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him.  But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.  And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth. 

  1. THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD

 

    1. Light: “owr” (Heb.) – illumination, morning, sun, lightening, happiness

            “phos” (Greek) – shine, reveal; luminousness; light, firelight

          

        Darkness and light in scripture:

 

            “...and God said, ‘Let there be light...” (Gen. 1:3)

 

  1. Used figuratively as surrogate of good and evil.
  2. Moses face after Sinai

 

“And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.”  (Matt. 17:2)

 

  1. The Transfiguration
  2. Pentecost and tongues of fire – illumination
  3. The revelation of God’s character

 “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;  Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power...”  (Heb. 1:1-3)

    1. John the Baptist

 

“The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.  Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:  And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.”  (Isa. 40:3-5)

 

“...to bear witness of the Light...” (John 1:7, 8)

 

    1. “...the true Light, which lights every man that comes into the world ...”  (John 1:9)

 

      • “The heavens declare the glory of God...”   (Ps. 19:1)

 

      • “Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them...”  (Rom. 1:20)

 

      • Stedman quote

 

    1. He was in the world...
      • The world was made by him
      • But it did not know him...

 

Why not? 

 

“Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened”.   (Rom. 1:21)

“And the disciples came, and said unto him, ‘Why speakest thou unto them in parables?’   He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.  For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath.   Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.  And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which says, ‘By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive’ For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.  But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.”   (Matt. 13:10-16)

      • In the world but not of it...”

 

    1. He came unto his own...” – To his own world...his own creation

 

    1. “and...his own people would not ‘receive’ him...”

 

      • Receive – “associate oneself with”; “to accept into intimacy”

 

    g.    But...how did God resolve this problem? 

 

  • But as many as received him, to them gave he gave power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name....”  (John 1:12)
  • What does this mean?   

h.    But what does this mean?  But how did they come to receive him?   What happened to change their mind?   How does one get “power to become the child of God?   How do we use that power?   

        “Who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

        How does this happen?   What changes?   How does this happen?

  1. THE INCARNATION

“These words spoke Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.  And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.  I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gave me to do.  And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.  I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gave me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gave them me;”   (John 17:1-6)

    The Divine Covenant:

    • Jesus prays to whom?  
    • What hour has come?  The hour for what?   
      • Giving glory and honor to each other.  The love within the Trinity
    • Glory for what?  
    • What transaction had taken place already?

“Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, to the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.  In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; 

Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him.”  (Eph. 1:1-10)

  1. The Law by Moses...but...grace and truth by Jesus Christ! 

 

“...giving thanks to the Father who has qualified us to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in the light. He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed us into the kingdom of the Son of His love,  in whom we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins.”  (Col. 1:12-14)

 

            ------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 5 – “The Baptism of the Holy Spirit” (John 1:15-34) 

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 3: “...and God said, ‘Let there be light...’”

John 1:4-5

October 9, 2016

“As a man who has devoted his whole life to the most clear headed science, to the study of matter, I can tell you as a result of my research this much: There is no matter as such.   All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particles of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together.  We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent mind.  This mind is the matrix of all matter.”  

(Max Planck, German Physicist)

“For in him we live, and move, and have our being.   

(Paul to the Athenians. Acts17:28)

“The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork.  Day unto day utters speech, and night unto night reveals knowledge.   There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard.”

(Psalm 19:1-3)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • “In the beginning God created...” – The Trinity
  • The “persons” of the Trinity and the unity of the Trinity
  • The eternity of God  
  • Ethos, Pathos and Logos and the propositional truth of scripture

 

“...and the Word (logos) became flesh and dwelt among us...”  (John 1:14)

 

“But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.”  (John 20:31)

 

“God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world.  And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power.  (Heb. 1:1-2)

 

  1. JOHN 1:4-5

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  The same was in the beginning with God.  All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made.  In him was life; and the life was the light of men.  And the light shineth in the darkness; and the darkness overcame it not.”  

  • By faith we understand that the universe was formed by God's command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible. (Heb. 11:3)

 

 

  • “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.  For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him.  He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.”  (Col. 1:15-16)

 

 

  1. DARKNESS, LIFE AND LIGHT

 

a.        Darkness: “choshek” (Heb.) - misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness, obscurity

          “skotos” (Greek) – shadiness, obscurity, blindness, shadows 

 

        Darkness and light in scripture:

 

  1. Used figuratively as surrogate of good and evil.
  2. Moses face after Sinai
  3. The Transfiguration

 

        b.    Darkness in scripture:

 

 

Darkness at the Fall of Lucifer

 

“And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.” (Jude 1:6)

 

“And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And they prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.” (Rev. 12:7)

 

“For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places.”  (Eph. 6:12)

 

“Night time sharpens, heightens each sensation
Darkness stirs and wakes imagination
Silently the senses abandon their defenses

 

Slowly, gently, night unfurls its splendor
Grasp it, sense it, tremulous and tender
Turn your face away from the garish light of day
Turn your face away from cold, unfeeling light
And listen to the music of the night

 

Close you eyes and surrender to your darkest dreams
Leave all thoughts of the world you knew before
Close your eyes, let your spirit start to soar
And you'll live as you've never lived before

Softly, deftly, music shall caress you

Hear it, feel it, secretly possess you
Open up your mind, let your fantasies unwind
In this darkness which you know you cannot fight
The darkness of the music of the night.” 

(From “Phantom of the Opera”)

Darkness at the Creation: 

“Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.   And God said, ‘Let there be light’”   (Gen. 1:2)

And the light shineth in the darkness; and the darkness overcame it not.”  (John 1:5)

“In Him was life and the life was the light of the world.”  (John 1:4)

Darkness at the Cross: 

Then Jesus said to the chief priests, temple officers, and elders who had come for Him, “Have you come out with swords and clubs as you would against an outlaw? Every day I was with you in the temple courts, and you did not lay a hand on Me. But this hour belongs to you and to the power of darkness.” (Luke 22:53)

“Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour.” (Luke 23:44)

Darkness at the Coming of the Lord and the Judgment:

 

  • “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light...”  (Mark 13:24)

 

 

  • “And night will be no more. They will need no light of lamp or sun, for the Lord God will be their light, and they will reign forever and ever.”  (Rev. 22:5)

 

Overcoming Darkness in this World

 

  • “I will lead the blind by ways they have not known, along unfamiliar paths I will guide them; I will turn the darkness into light before them and make the rough places smooth. These are the things I will do; I will not forsake them.”  (Isa. 42:16)

 

  • When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, "I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life."  (John 8:12)

 

  • For God, who said, "Let light shine out of darkness," made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of God's glory displayed in the face of Christ.”  (II Cor. 4:6)

 

 

  • Then Jesus said to them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness come on you: for he that walks in darkness knows not where he goes.” (John 12:35)

 

  • Why he said, Awake you that sleep, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give you light.” (Eph. 5:14)

 

  • “Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my path”.  (Ps. 119:105)

 

“Holy, holy, holy!  Though the darkness hide thee, 

Though the eye of sinful man Thy glory may not see;
Only Thou art holy; There is none beside thee,
Perfect in power, In love, and purity”

 

            ------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 4 – “The Divine Covenant: The Incarnation” (John 1:4-5) 

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 2: “In the Beginning was the Word...”

John 1:1-3

October 2, 2016

 

"If you don’t see the greatness of God then all the things that money can buy become very exciting. If you can’t see the sun you will be impressed with a street light. If you’ve never felt thunder and lightning then you’ll be impressed with fireworks.  And if you turn your back on the greatness and majesty of God you’ll fall in love with a world of shadows and short-lived pleasures. ” 

(John Piper)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. REVIEW

 

  • Purpose of the Class
  • Syllabus for Autumn
  • Basics of Bible Study
  • John: The “beloved disciple”
  • Background of the Gospel of John

 

  1. JOHN 1:1-3

 

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  The same was in the beginning with God.   All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made.”  

 

  1. THE CONTEXT OF JOHN 1:1

 

    1. John lives in Ephesus coming up from Jerusalem
    2. Called “John the Theologian” in Ephesus
    3. Basilica of St. John built in 550 AD 
    4. Exiled to Patmos under Roman Emperor Domitian
    5. Influenced by Greek thought and theology that was paramount topic in Ephesus
      • Ephesus was a “crossroad” of Jewish, Greek and Roman theology
    6. Taught against emerging heresies, including Gnosticism 
      • “Gnosis” – esoteric knowledge or enlightenment
      • From Greek (Platonic) philosophy
      • God (a “lesser” god or “demiurge”) did not have a physical manifestation
      • Jesus was not really man, but purely spirit; only appeared to have a physical body
    7. John refutes the early Gnostic philosophy
      • “Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God. For many false prophets have gone out into the world.  By this you will know the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you have heard is coming, and is already in the world at this time.”  (I John 4:1-3)
      • That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled of the Word of Life ... declare we unto you.”  (I John 1:1)
      • “Many deceivers are entered into the world who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh."  (II John 1:7)
      • “...and the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us...” (John 1:14)
    8. Early formation of the doctrine of the Trinity
      • Early forms of modalism:  One God but three distinct, separate personswith different functions during different periods.
      • Arianism: Pre-existent Christ was one of God’s created beings and not divine (Led to Nicene Creed)

 

“We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of all things visible and invisible.   And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, begotten of the Father [the only-begotten; that is, of the essence of the Father, God of God,] Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father;  By whom all things were made both in heaven and on earth; Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down and was incarnate and was made man;....”  (Nicene Creed, 325 AD)

 

    IV.    THE WORD OF GOD

 

a.    “In the beginning...” – What does he mean by “the beginning”?

b.    “...was...” – What does this tell me?

c.    “...the Word...” – Logos: The expression or manifestation of the mind, reason, logic, thought of God

      • Logos, pathos, ethos: The bases of rhetoric: So what?

 

“God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets,  has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, through whom also he made the worlds;  who being the brightness of his glory and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high...”  (Heb. 1:1-3)

 

d.    “...and the Word was with God...” – Coexitence

e.    “...and the Word was God.”  - Identity

      • Jehovah’s witnesses: Justification for “...was a god...” – No article before “God”

    f.    Importance of the unity of the Godhead:  

      • The holiness of God – the only one who is Holy
      • The promise of God:  “I am your Saviour”

 

"You are My witnesses," declares the Lord, "And My servant whom I have chosen, So that you may know and believe Me And understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, And there will be none after Me. "I, even I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides Me.  "It is I who have declared and saved and proclaimed, And there was no strange god among you;  So you are My witnesses," declares the LORD, "And I am God.…”  (Isaiah 43:10-12)

        

      • The atonement of Jesus Christ for my sin
      • The integrity of the Law...”...not one jot or tittle shall pass from the law...”

 

V.    THE CREATION

 

  1. In the beginning...”   (Gen. 1:1) – The movement of the Trinity
    • God (Elohim): “God created...”
    • The Spirit of God (Ruach) – “...moved upon the face of the waters.”
    • The Word – :And God said, ‘Let there be light’’

 

By the word of the LORD the heavens were made, their starry host by the breath of his mouth(Ps. 33:6)

 

“By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God's command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible.”  (Heb. 11:3)

 

“...because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them.   For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.”  (Rom. 1:19-20)

.

    b.    The unity of the Godhead: Distinct but one

 

c.    True worship: Understanding, awe, perspective humility

 

“Holy, holy, holy!
Though the darkness hide thee,
Though the eye of sinful man
Thy glory may not see;
Only Thou art holy;
There is none beside thee,
Perfect in power
Perfect in power
In love, and purity”

    

            ------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 3 – “The Source of Light and Life” (John 1:4-5) 

Christ Chapel

 

The Gospel of John

 

Class 1: Introduction: John and His Gospel

September 25, 2016

 

"There is no Godly basis of reading the Bible for academic purposes or merely to have knowledge of the Scriptures; All reading and study of the Holy scriptures should result in some form of worship of the living, true God. ” 

(David Martyn Lloyd-Jones)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

  1. the course
    1. Purpose of the Class
      • Undevotional Theology vs. Untheological Devotions
      • The Head and the Heart
      • Paul – Peter – Luke – Matthew – John
      • Starting point

 

    1. Format
      • Fall semester – Break in January
      • Class format
      • Notes and questions for the next week...and during the week
      • E-Mail 
      • Outreach

 

    1. Syllabus for Autumn

 

    1. Basics of Bible Study
      • Necessity of personal study
      • Studying the Bible: Your view of the Bible:

 

The degree of benefit one derives from one’s study of the Bible is proportional to one’s view of the origin of the Bible.    

 

Where you put yourself as an interpreter of the Bible is the critical question.  Does your interpretation come from above or below the Scriptures?  Are you looking through, or are you under, the Lord’s microscope? 

 

“How firm a foundation you saints of the Lord,
is laid for your faith in his excellent Word!
What more can he say than to you he has said,
to you who for refuge to Jesus have fled?”

 

      • Context: “The study of scriptural text without the context is pretext.” 
      • Commentaries, Dictionaries, Harmonies
      • Translations and paraphrases of the Bible

 

The purpose of many paraphrases of the Scriptures is to bring the Bible down to the understanding of the common man daily for his benefit, whereas the purpose of God in the Scriptures is to bring the understanding of the common man up to the Bible for his eternal benefit.     

 

  1. the apostle john
    1. A fisherman; Son of Zebedee, Brother of James (Matt. 4:21,22)
    2. Wrote 20% of the New Testament
    3. At the transfiguration; In Gethsemane; At the cross
    4. “...the disciple who Jesus loved...” (John 13:23; 20:2; 21:20 and 3 other times)
    5. “Now there was leaning on Jesus’ bosom, one of the disciples whom Jesus loved...”     (John 13:23)
    6. “Woman, behold thy son.  Then he said to his disciple, ‘Behold thy mother.’”                    (John 19:26,27)
    7. Exiled on Patmos
    8. Only apostle not to die as a martyr

 

  1. THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
    1. Dated about 95 AD.   Dead Sea Scrolls indicate earlier.
    2. John and the Synoptic Gospels
    3. Unique accounts:
      • Early ministry of Jesus in Judea
      • Interaction among apostles with Jesus
      • Three year ministry of Jesus
      • Miracle at Cana
      • Meeting with Nicodemus
      • Raising of Lazarus
      • Jesus’ High Priestly Prayer (John 17) - the other “Lord’s Prayer”
      • Thomas’ confession
    4. Accounts Not Included
      • Jesus’ birth and related events
      • Jesus’ baptism
      • The institution of the Lord’s supper
      • The ascension
      • No parables!
    5. John’s purposes:
  • To convey the deity of Jesus Christ (John 1:1)
  • For seekers and/or doubters:

“...but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.”  (John 20:31) (After account of meeting with Thomas)

 

            ------------------------------------------------------------------

 

NEXT WEEK:      Class 2 – “In the Beginning Was the Word” (John 1:1-3)